Little Cottonwood Canyon lies within the Wasatch-Cache National Forest along the eastern side of the Salt Lake Valley, roughly 15 miles from Salt Lake City, Utah. A number of rare and endemic plant species are found in the canyon’s Albion Basin. Mountain goats inhabit the surrounding mountains. The Salt Lake Temple of the LDS Church was built of blocks of quartz monzonite which Mormon pioneers quarried from the Little Cottonwood Stock near the mouth of the canyon. Recreational activities in Little Cottonwood Canyon include hiking, camping, fishing, mountain biking, rock climbing, Bouldering, skiing, snowboarding, and backcountry use. There are two resorts in the canyon, Alta and Snowbird, providing both summer and winter recreational opportunities. The Utah Native Plant Society often conducts wildflower walks at Albion Basin and in other locations in the canyon. The road is approximately 8.3 miles from the base of the canyon to the top with an average grade of 9.2%, making it a popular road cycling challenge.